Garnets belongs to a class of silicate minerals, From the Bronze age, Garnets had been in use in the form of abrasives and gemstones. The crystal forms and physical properties of all varieties of garnets are similar, though their chemical combinations are different. The varieties of garnets are Almandine, Spessartine, Pyrope, Grossular (cinnamon-stone or Hessonite and Tsavorite), Andradite and Uvarovite. The two solid solutions of garnet are Uvarovite-Grossular-Andradite and Pyrope-Almandine-Spessartine.
At present, The African continent is the largest supplier of Garnets in the world.
We find pyrope garnet in several locations. At the end of the 19th century, Garnet used in Europe for making jewelry was brought from Bohemia, adjacent to Treibnitz, where it was mined after the Bronze age.
At present we get Pyrope Garnet gemstones from Brazil, South Africa, The US, Australia, Myanmar and Mexico.
We get Almandine garnet from Mozambique, Alaska, Sri Lanka, Brazil, India and Greenland.
Derivation Of Name
The Mineral Garnet got its name from the color of the gem, red garnet relates to the seeds and flowers of the pomegranate-tree.
The general formula is X3Y2 (SiO4) 3
Color - virtually all colors, with blue very rare
Luster - Vitreous to resinous
Fracture - Conchoidal to uneven
Transparency-. Transparent to opaque
Pyrope: Mg3Al2 (SiO4) 3
Almandine: Fe3Al2 (SiO4) 3
Spessartine: Mn3Al2 (SiO4) 3
Hardness - on the Mohs scale is almost 6.5 to 7.5
Physical properties: Brittle and tensile
Garnet is widely used in the form of a gem. Garnet is a well-known gemstone and several people have a craze to adorn themselves with this gem for different reasons. Certain people are of the belief that garnet possesses some specific significance of spirituality, whereas others simply like its looks. In whatever way, garnet is a lovely gem.
Garnet is recognized as a stone that brings success to any business. In case your expectations of the business are not met, simply place 3 or more garnets on your table.
People believe that by placing a garnet beneath your pillow, you get cured of your depression.
When worn as jewelry, people become popular and get a boost in their self-esteem.
Garnet has some connection with the spleen and the thyroid. Therefore, if you hold it against that part, it aids in purifying and cleaning.
It is helpful in protection during journeys and brings faithfulness with friends.
Towards the end of the Antique Roman period this Red garnet was generally worn as gemstones.
Amazingly, garnet is a hard stone, hard enough for some of them to be used for sandblasting.
Except for the rare types of garnets all the others are cheaply available gemstones. The usual red garnet is particularly reasonably priced; the reason being, mining is done in large quantities. Even if your pocket is tight, you have a beautiful gem of garnet jewelry to suit any occasion
Garnet is available in all colors and matches with any apparel. Garnet jewelry is used by many, and seems appropriate either when you are on a shopping spree or at a formal ball dance. Garnet is worn by women as well as men because it is not typecast.
You can use garnet in the form of earrings, rings, bracelets, necklaces and simply as a gemstone.