The mineral Barite, also called Baryte, whose chemical formulae is BaSO4, is a barium sulfate mineral. This class of minerals is inclusive of Celestine, Barite, Anhydrite and Anglestine. Barite, which is the main source of barium is either colorless or normally white in color. Celestine and Barite together form a solid solution.
Derivation Of Name
This mineral Baryte acquired its name from the Greek word βαρύς meaning heavy. In America, they spell it as Barite.
The deposits of the Baryte mineral are found in great quantities in the surroundings where they are deposited,and the deposits occur mainly through several processes, which include hydrothermal, Biogenic and Evaporation. Barite generally occurs in the veins of lead-zinc in limestones, where it is deposited as hot spring along deposits and also in the ore of hematite.. This mineral is frequently linked with the minerals Celestine and Anglestine. Besides, they are found in meteorites.
This mineral Barite is a gemstone found in nature. Barite, with clear facets are hard to find. This is by all means a gemstone for the collectors! Baryte has a hardness No. of 3 to 3.5 Mohs.
The places where barite is obtained are Nigeria, Brazil, China, Chile, Canada, Guatemala, Greece, Ireland, Iran, India, Liberia, Morocco, Mexico, Peru, Turkey, Romania (Baia Sprie), South Africa,(Barberton Mountain land), Cumbria, Thailand, Derbyshire, UK (Cornwall, Durham,Surrey, Argyllshire and Perthshire, and in the USA from Cheshire, De Kalb, Connecticut, New Mexico and Fort Wallace. The mining places of Baryte are Connecticut, Arkansas, Virginia, Georgia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri and Nevada.
Barite is not difficult to recognize. It is one among the nonmetallic minerals, having a specific gravity of 4 or even greater and with a hardness number of 2.5 to 3.5. Its cleavage is in three right angle directions. The mineral is consistently identified with 3 observations.
Color Colorless, pale blue, dull red, pale yellow, pale green and white.
Density 4.48 g/cm3
Mohs hardness (2.5 to 3.5)